Diabetic Eye Examinations

Diabetic Retinopathy New YorkPeople with diabetes face a group of eye problems as potential complications of their disease. These complications include:

  • Diabetic Retinopathy: Damage to the blood vessels of the retina;
  • Cataracts: clouding of the eye’s lens—cataracts often develop at an earlier age in people with diabetes;
  • Glaucoma: increase in fluid pressure inside the eye that leads to optic nerve damage and loss of vision. A person with diabetes is nearly twice as likely to get glaucoma as other adults.

All of these diabetic eye complications can cause severe vision loss or blindness. Consequently, it is essential that people with diabetes, both type I and II, get a comprehensive dilated eye exam at least once a year. At NY Vision Group, we utilize the latest in ophthalmic testing instruments to screen for diabetic eye disease.

What is Diabetic Retinopathy?

Diabetic Retinopathy is the most common diabetic eye disease. It is caused by changes to the blood vessels of the retina. In some cases blood vessels may swell and leak fluid, in other cases, abnormal new blood vessels grow on the surface of the eye. In either case, it interferes with the ability of the retina to function properly and usually affects both eyes. All people with diabetes, both type I and type II are at risk. In fact between 40 to 45 percent of Americans diagnosed with diabetes have some stage of diabetic retinopathy. The longer someone has diabetes, the more likely that he or she will develop diabetic retinopathy.

At NY Vision Group, we test visual acuity, perform thorough dilated eye exams and monitor eye pressure and optic nerves. Additionally, we document findings using fundus photography, fluorescein angiograms, and retinal thickness profiles to serve as baseline exams against any future changes. Patients who are diagnosed with diabetic retinopathy are referred to our retina specialist, Dr. Alan Dayan, for the most appropriate treatments. Treatments include laser treatments and newer generation intraocular medications, which cause abnormal blood vessels to regress. In other more severe cases, a surgical procedure called a vitrectomy, along with laser treatments, may be necessary.